Swollen Eyes In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

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Swollen eyes in dogs, also known as blepharitis, refers to a medical condition in which your pup’s eye or eyes might look puffy, irritated, or infected. Seeing your dog with swollen eyes all of a sudden can be alarming, and it’s important to consult your vet as soon as you notice symptoms.

Unfortunately, there are a host of reasons as to why your dog’s eyes might appear swollen. The cause could be something minor, like irritation from dust in your dog’s eyes, or it can be serious and even life-threatening, such as in the case of an extreme allergic reaction.

Dogs with certain features, like skin folds on the face or inward-pointing eyelids, are also more prone to blepharitis.

Be sure to tell your vet what other symptoms you’re observing in your dog so they can properly diagnosis and treat your pup’s vision. Here’s what you should know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for swollen eyes in dogs.

Symptoms Of Swollen Eyes In Dogs

Blepharitis, which refers to the swelling of the eyelid tissue and surrounding area, can affect one or both of your dog’s eyes.

If left untreated, your dog might scratch or paw at their eyes for relief, which can cause secondary trauma in the eye area. This is why it’s important to consult your veterinarian as soon as you notice your dog has swollen eyes.

Here are some of the symptoms that might appear in dogs who suffer from blepharitis:

  • Puffy eyes, sometimes red
  • Repetitive blinking
  • Pawing at the eyes
  • Discharge from the eyes
  • Sneezing or coughing
  • Withdrawing or hiding

Causes Of Swollen Eyes In Dogs

portrait of a dog with eye problem, conjunctivitis. Dog with bad swollen eyes due to an infection, dogs eye viewed from the side close up, in a square format, selective focus to ad copy space

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In most cases, if your dog’s eyes are a little puffy and seem red or itchy, chances are your pup has an irritant in their eye, has an infection (conjunctivitis), or is dealing with allergies. Still, in conjunction with other symptoms, there can be another reason as to why your dog has swollen eyes.

For example, if your dog seems to be gasping for breath along with having swollen eyes, they might be having an extreme anaphylactic reaction and require immediate care. Swollen eyes in dogs can also be a symptom of a larger medical condition, like glaucoma.

Here are several possible causes that can lead to swollen eyes in dogs:

  • Allergies
  • Glaucoma
  • Conjunctivitis – viral or bacterial
  • A foreign object in the eye
  • Fungal infection
  • Parasites
  • A scratched cornea
  • Tear duct issues (Cocker Spaniels and Poodles are especially prone to this)

Treatments For Swollen Eyes In Dogs

Since there are so many possible causes of swollen eyes in dogs, it’s critical for your veterinarian to examine your pup’s eyes. This way, your veterinarian will be able to prescribe the right course of action.

Some swollen eye treatments are fairly lowkey, like eyedrops for conjunctivitis, but more serious eye issues, like increased pressure in the eye due to glaucoma, may require immediate surgery.

Preventing swollen eyes in dogs isn’t always possible, but routine hygiene tips can help lower the chances of your dog suffering from swollen eyes. If your dog is prone to eye issues, be sure to gently clean them irritant-free eye wash regularly.

If the reason your dog has swollen eyes is due to allergies or infection, be sure to properly administer medication prescribed by your vet. In general, keeping your dog’s environment clean will also help eliminate potential foreign objects or irritants from making their way into your dog’s eyes.

Has your dog ever suffered from swollen eyes? What caused the irritation, and how did you treat it? Let us know your pup’s story in the comments below!

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Vinicius Kolling

Vinicius Kolling

Autor do livro e do blog “Do Pátio ao Sofá de Casa“. Minha ideia com este blog é transcrever minha experiência positiva como pai de 3 cães e como fiz para que eles sejam exemplos de educação.

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